Notizie

Per il CISP è una priorità informare l’opinione pubblica, sensibilizzarla su quanto avviene nei paesi poveri o colpiti da conflitti e portare alla luce le problematiche sociali italiane. Al tempo stesso, il CISP ritiene necessario dare conto di quanto in concreto realizza e quali risultati raggiunge. Le notizie e le valutazioni riportate dai mezzi di comunicazione sulle attività del CISP contribuiscono a rafforzare il legame con l’opinione pubblica, sia in Italia sia nei paesi dove opera. È per questo che il CISP incoraggia il mondo del giornalismo, l’opinione pubblica e la cittadinanza a chiedere informazioni, approfondimenti e una valutazione del suo operato. Si tratta di una scelta di trasparenza e apertura che fa parte dell’identità del CISP come Organizzazione della società civile.

the root causes of migration
27 April 2017

THE CLOSING EVENT

On April 27th, at the Institute of Ethiopian studies (IES)  of the Addis Ababa University,   CISP took  part to the closing event of the pilot program : Emergency Initiative in support of the vulnerable people, refugees, IDPs and migrants addressing the root causes of irregular migration of the  Italian Agency for Development Cooperation. CISP is among the Italian NGOs that have implemented the program.

 The event has been divided in three parts, related to the main outputs and results of the program.

1) An international workshop on the results of 7 Researches done in collaboration with 5 Ethiopian Universities, in different areas,  on the roots causes of migration and the role of international cooperation. CISP  coordinated  three researches, namely: a) Causes and Consequences of Irregular Migration in Selected Woredas of Tigray Regional State, with the the Mekelle University; b) Causes, Consequences and Alternative Strategies, carried out  by the Adigrat University; c) Dimension of Irregular Migration: the Case of Habro, Darolebu and Mieso woredas of Oromia National Regional State, with the Oda Bultum University. The researches have dealt with the following topics: socio-demographic profiles of migrants, drivers, routes and risks of irregular migrations, consequences on families and local communities. The researches corroborate and consolidate the findings of similar studies realized in Ethiopia in recent years and shed lights on new results that open innovative thinking.

2) The opening ceremony of a Photo exhibition. The photos  show situations of the beneficiaries of the 16 Woredas (districts) of 3  Regional States of Ethiopia (Amhara, Oromia, Tigray) where the program has been implemented and the activities implemented by  CISP and the other  Italian NGOs to promote “opportunities to stay”.  The exhibition will be hosted for a month by the Ethnographic Museum of  the Institute of Ethiopian Studies.

 3) Storytelling – presentation of awareness raising activities  carried out by the NGO.

In this section CISP showed a short drama focused on the impacts and consequences of irregular migration. The drama is part of the awareness campaign realized  in three schools of Western Hararghe under the project implemented by CISP in this zone. The students  performing the drama belong to Mechara Secondary School of Daro Lebu Woreda.

 

This  short drama is about the challenges that irregular migrants on their way to Italy and Europe through Libya and the Mediterranean Sea are facing and presents the story of a young girl called ‘Bontu’ who migrated to Sudan through irregular ways. After staying in Sudan for some years she decides to migrate to Italy via Libya in search of better opportunities. Bontu will never reach Italy and she will die on the way , in the desert , together with other migrants,  after many threats  and violations. The drama has been performed in other schools of other woreda in order to raise awareness of families and young people on the  risks of irregular migration.

INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP AND RESEARCHS

In the framework of the pilot program Emergency Initiative in support of the vulnerable people, refugees, IDPs and migrants addressing the root causes of irregular migration 7 Researches, in different Ethiopian regions,  on the roots causes of migration and the role of international cooperation, have been realized. CISP  coordinated  three researches : 1) Causes and Consequences of Irregular Migration in Selected Woredas of Tigray Regional State, with the Mekelle University; 2) Causes, Consequences and Alternative Strategies, with the Adigrat University; 3) Dimension of Irregular Migration: the Case of Habro, Darolebu and Mieso woredas of Oromia National Regional State, with the Oda Bultum University.

The researches have investigated the following topics:  socio-demographic profiles of migrants, drivers, routes and risks of irregular migrations, consequences on families and local communities. The researches corroborate and consolidate the findings of similar studies realized in Ethiopia in recent years and shed lights on new results that open innovative thinking.

Among the recommendations and conclusions of the researches, there are the following:

a. Migration must be governed trying to enhance benefits and reduce risks and costs for local communities, families and migrants themselves. Development cooperation can contribute to maximize the positive impact of migrations and reduce its social costs, considering that remittances to Ethiopia are billions of euro overcoming the value of aid and exports.

b. A comprehensive migration and youth centered policy should be elaborated and integrated in the framework of the structural transformation plan sustained by the Ethiopian government

c. An integrated territorial approach balancing polarization effects of transformative processes spurring migration flows, could be adopted

d. Human, social and economic-financial capitals of migrants should be protected and sustained in their positive effects on local development. The brain and skill waste should be drastically reduced negotiating better integration of migrants in destination countries

e. Ethiopia could be conceived as a labour exporting country. In this sense, there is the need for a labour and education policy, with specific vocational trainings, able to exploit labour demands in destination countries. Extension of professional training with short term courses, external verification and certification of migrant’s skills could be supported

f. The network of social services at local level should be strengthened, sustaining the reintegration of returnees and the left behinds, particularly children

g. Social, economic and financial capitals of migrants should find investment opportunities in local communities of origin at rural and urban level

h. Much more efforts should be aimed at contrasting irregular flows offering more accessible regular channels

i. Linked to the fight against irregular channels is the opportunity to sustain awareness raising activities to advise potential irregular migrants on the risks they could face j. The coherence issue between development cooperation and migration policy should be tackled considering that human mobility cannot be stopped but better regulated.

THE PROGRAM

CISP is one of the Italian NGOs  implementing the  Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (AICS) pilot program “Emergency Initiative in support of Vulnerable People, Refugees, IDPs and Migrants”.

The general objective of AICS pilot Program  has been to address the root causes of irregular migration through four lines of activities: support to Income Generating Activities and access to job opportunities,  especially directed to young people and women; strengthening the resilience of local communities and fostering the quantitative and the qualitative supply of basic services, aiming at improving the living conditions of the most vulnerable people; development and implementation of information and awareness campaigns; conducting researches on migration.

The Program has been implemented in 16 Woredas of 3 Regional States of the Country:  Amhara (Northern Shewa and South Wollo), Oromia (West Hararge and Bale), and in Tigray (Eastern Tigray). Within the program, five projects have been carried out through 8 Italian NGOs, putting in place a participatory methodology in close collaboration with local institutions, local NGOs, universities and local communities.  

During 12 months the Program has benefited women (50%), young people between the ages of 18 and 35 (70%), returnees (30%) and potential migrants for a total of 80.072 direct beneficiaries and 580.000 indirect beneficiaries.

The 6 researches conducted with Ethiopian universities have been pivotal in order to guide the field work: theory and practice have been therefore developed hand in hand.   

 

see also:

Conference / presentations

ABOUT MIGRATION_7 Researches

Declaration of intents – Action plan to contrast irregular migration in West Hararghe